About Valcani Village

Valcani commune is located in the western part of Timis County, on the border with Serbia, at a distance of 82 km from Timisoara and approx. 20 km from the town of Sânnicolaul Mare, consisting of one village, Valcani. Valcani commune was re-established on the basis of Law no. 67/2005, by the detachment from the Dudeştii Vechi Commune.

Valcani, located in the west of Romania, is in the temperate climate zone with Atlantic influences. The surface hydrographic network is represented by the Aranca River and a network of canals built for drainage purposes. At present the entire plain is characteristic of agricultural land and secondary meadows (Atlasul R.S.R., 1972).

The natural resources are limited to the territory of Valcani commune: the underground waters, which are the main source of water supply of the locality, hydrocarbons, honey plants, medicinal plants, pastures, meadows and fauna, soils.

Although the natural habitat conditions offered by this part of the Aranca Plain were not very good for habitation, due to excess humidity, puddles, deserted river beds, yet this part was populated, as the historical writings show.

The commune of Valcani is part of the Banat region, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the beginning of the 20th century, in 1900, there were 4824 inhabitants in the commune. Over time, the population has gradually fallen, according to statistical data, to 1396 inhabitants. The Romanians were always majority in Valcani, but they coexisted in this area alongside Hungarians, Germans, Serbs, Bulgarians.

The first attestation of the school in Valcani dates back to 1776 under the name of the Orthodox confessional school, with the first teacher, Nicolae Popovici. In 1850 the Hungarian confessional religious school led by Iuliu Major was established. It worked until 1963 but became a Hungarian State School in 1912.

In 1935 was established the Kindergarten with teaching in Romanian language , with 87 children.

Cultural activity is poorly represented, so emphasis is placed on reviving traditions and customs. In the past people met at balls, in evening sitting of village women, in the 70's there was also a school's theater team.

Through the project "Rediscovering cultural traditions in Valcanni-Čoka border area as part of the historical Banat", Priority Axis 1 - Promoting employment and basic services for inclusive growth, Objective 1.3 "Social and Cultural Inclusion" of the Program Interreg - IPA CBC Romania-Serbia 2014-2020, an opportunity was created in this sense by setting up a dances team, creative workshops for children: braided, crochet, tradtional kitchen, along with its neighbors in Serbia.